Monochromatic colours are all the colours (tones, tints and shades ) of a single hue. Monochromatic colour schemes are derived from a single base hue and extended using its shades, tones and tints.
Tints are achieved by adding white and shades and tones are achieved by adding a darker colour, grey or black. Monochromatic colour schemes provide opportunities in art and visual communications design as they allow for a greater range of contrasting tones that can be used to attract attention, create focus and support legibility.
While the thought of completing a design project with only one colour might be intimidating, it can actually result in a pretty awesome aesthetic. Monochromatic colour options are also a hot concept and can work for a lot of project types.
To simplify, monochromatic colour starts with a single hue – anything from red to beige to purple – and the design is created with a palette using derivatives of that colour.
Why Monochromatic colours Work
Monochromatic colour schemes work because they streamline your design. Typically, you’d have to put effort into purposefully including a few common threads throughout your design to ensure that the entire look ties together. Unity is important because it’s what helps the eye “make sense” of a design
Choose your colours
The first step to putting a monochromatic look together is to choose the colours that you intend to use. Using three colours, in total is advisable. Obviously, you’ll want them to come from the same colour family in order to create a cohesive look. Starting with your base shade, the one that will define your design. Then, round out your colour scheme by choosing one colour that’s lighter than your base shade and one colour that’s darker.
Add patterns and textures
Though unity is one of the benefits of a monochromatic colour scheme, sometimes it’s possible to have too much of a good thing. If the design elements in your space are too similar to each other, they run the risk of making the design feel boring. Including pattern and texture are easy ways to add in some much-needed visual interest.
You should aim at create a feeling, an imagination of what the design may feel like (soft, rough or incredible). make it look like the one looking at the design could actually touch it
Get creative with accent materials
Here’s where things get interesting: even though the majority of elements in monochromatic design should fit within your prescribed scheme, there’s no hard and fast rule that says everything has to match. Sometimes adding colours or textures that are different to the initial design can create a an interesting image or design. take for example from interior decoration.
Notice the coffee table has a metal finish to it. That finish is then carried through the rest of the room via decorative vases, lamps, desks, and even in the frame surrounding the wall art. If you go this route, though, make sure that the items you choose to fulfil this role include your base colour in some way. This technique keeps your design looking cohesive, even if it bends the rules a bit.
The word Monochromatic can easily make one think “Boring” however there are so many interesting ways to use monotones and create something amazing from it.
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