Shortcuts On Your Keyboard

Working on your computer can be the most tiresome activity, especially when it comes to those little things we all think should have a shorter, less time-consuming way to do them.

Worry no more, for we have a shortcut for everything at the tip of you fingers. The list below are shortcuts to the following programs and applications:

  • Word
  • Windows
  • Internet Explorer
  • File Explorer
  • Windows System Commands
  • Firefox
  • Excel
  • Mac
  • Finder
  • Chrome

Shortcut Keys in Microsoft Word

  • F1 key: Get help on a selected command or use the Office assistant.
  • Shift and F1 Key: Review text formatting.
  • F2 Key: Move text or image.
  • Shift + F2 Key: Copy text.
  • F3 Key: Insert an autotext entry.
  • Shift + F3 Key: Change the case of the selected text.
  • F4 Key: Perform last action again.
  • Shift + F4 Key: Perform a Find or Go To action again.
  • F5 Key: Displays the Go To dialogue box. You can also get to Find and Replace from here.
  • Shift + F5 Key: Move to a previous revision.
  • F6 Key: Go to the next frame or pane.
  • Shift + F6 Key: Go to the previous frame or pane.
  • F7 Key: Launch the Spell Checker.
  • Shift + F7 Key: Launch the Thesaurus.
  • F8 Key: Extend the current selection.
  • Shift + F8 Key: Shrink the current selection.
  • F9 Key: Refresh.
  • Shift + F9 Key: Switch between a field code and its result.
  • F10 Key: Show KeyTips.
  • Shift + F10 Key: Display a Shortcut Menu (same as right-clicking).
  • F11 Key: Go to the next field.
  • SHIFT + F11 Key: Go to the previous field.
  • F12 Key: Open Save As, equivalent to the tools menu.
  • Shift + F12 Key: Save the document, equivalent to the tools menu.
  • Ctrl and A: Selects all in the current document.
  • Ctrl and B: Bold text.
  • Ctrl and C: Copies the item or text.
  • Ctrl and D: Display the Font dialogue box.
  • Ctrl and E: Switch a paragraph between the center and left alignment.
  • Ctrl and F: Displays the Find dialog box to search the current document.
  • Ctrl and G: Displays the Go To dialog box to search for a specific location in the current document.
  • Ctrl and H: Displays the Replace dialogue box.
  • Ctrl and I: Italicize text.
  • Ctrl and J: Switch a paragraph between justified and left alignment.
  • Ctrl and K: Create a hyperlink.
  • Ctrl and L: Left align a paragraph.
  • Ctrl and M: Indent a paragraph from the left.
  • Ctrl and N: Create a new document.
  • Ctrl and O: Opens a new document.
  • Ctrl and P: Prints a document.
  • Ctrl and R: Switch the alignment of a paragraph between left and right.
  • Ctrl and S: Saves a document.
  • Ctrl and U: Underlines text.
  • Ctrl and V: Paste the copied item or text.
  • Ctrl and X: Cuts the selected item or text.
  • Ctrl and Y: Redo the last action.
  • Ctrl and Z: Undo the last action.
  • Ctrl and Enter: Insert a page break.
  • Ctrl and F2: Select Print Preview command.
  • Ctrl and F4: Closes the active window.
  • Ctrl and F6: Opens the next window if multiple are open

Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys

  • Alt + Left Arrow/Backspace: Goback to the previous page.
  • Alt + Right Arrow: Go to next page.
  • F5: Refresh page.
  • F11: Toggle between full-screen and regular view.
  • Esc: Stop downloading a page.
  • Ctrl + ( + or -): Zoom in or out of page by 10%.
  • Ctrl + Enter: Adds www. at the beginning and .com to the end of any text entered in the Address bar.
  • Ctrl + D: Add the current site to your favorites.
  • Ctrl + I: View your favorites.
  • Ctrl + N: Open a new window.
  • Ctrl + P: Print the current page.
  • Ctrl + T: Open a new tab.
  • Ctrl + F4: Closes tabs in the background.
  • Ctrl + Tab: Switch between tabs.
  • Spacebar: Click the notification bar.
  • Shift + Spacebar: Move up one page.
  • Alt + Down Arrow: Move a selected item down the favorites list

File Explorer Shortcuts

  • End: Display bottom of current window.
  • Home: Display top of current window.
  • Left Arrow: Collapse the current selections or select a parent folder.
  • Right Arrow: Display the current selection or select the first subfolder.

Windows System Commands

Type the following commands in your Run dialogue box (Windows Key + R) to run specific programs.

  • devmgmt.msc: Device Manager
  • msinfo32: System Information
  • cleanmgr: Disk Cleanup
  • ntbackup: Backup or restore Wizard (Windows Backup Utility)
  • mmc: Microsoft Management Console
  • excel: Microsoft Excel (if installed)
  • msaccess: Microsoft Access (if installed)
  • powerpnt: Microsoft PowerPoint (if installed)
  • winword: Microsoft Word (if installed)
  • frontpg: Microsoft FrontPage (if installed)
  • notepad: Notepad
  • wordpad: WordPad
  • calc: Calculator
  • msmsgs: Windows Messenger
  • mspaint: Microsoft Paint
  • wmplayer: Windows Media Player
  • rstrui: System restore
  • control: Opens the Control Panel
  • control printers: Opens the printers dialogue box
  • cmd: Command Prompt
  • iexplore: Internet Explorer
  • compmgmt.msc: Computer Management
  • dhcpmgmt.msc: DHCP Management
  • dnsmgmt.msc: DNS Management
  • services.msc: Services
  • eventvwr: Event Viewer
  • dsa.msc: Active Directory Users and Computers
  • dssite.msc: Active Directory Sites and Services

Firefox Keyboard Shortcuts

CommandMac OSWindows
Go back a page. Command + Left Arrow Alt + Left Arrow
Go forward a page. Command + Right Arrow Alt + Right Arrow
Reload the current page. F5F5
Toggle between full screen and regular screen. Command + Shift + F F11
Stoppage from loading. ESCESC
Complete a .com address.
Command + Return

Ctrl + Enter
complete a .net address.
Shift + Return

Shift + Enter
Complete a .org address. Command + Shift + Return
Ctrl + Shift + Enter
Clear recent history. Command + Shift + Delete Ctrl + Shift + Delete
Add a bookmark for the current page. Command + D Ctrl + D
Display the download window Add a bookmark for the current page.
Command + Shift + B

Ctrl + Shift + B
Display the download window. Command + J Ctrl + J
Open a new browser window. Command + N Ctrl + N
Opens a new tab. Command + T Ctrl + T
Close window. Command + Shift+W
Ctrl + Shift+W
Undo the close of a window. Command + Shift + N Ctrl + Shift + N
Undo the close of a tab. Command + Shift + T
Ctrl + Shift + T
Moves through each of the open tabs Ctrl + Tab Ctrl + Tab
Go to the bottom of the page.
Command + Down Arrow


Go to top of the page.

Command + Up Arrow


Microsoft Excel Shortcut Keys

  • F2: Edit the active cell.
  • F5: Displays the Go To box.
  • F7: Open the Spelling dialogue box to check a selected range.
  • F11: Create a chart of data in the current range in a separate sheet.
  • Alt + Shift + F1: Insert a new worksheet.
  • Shift + F3: Opens Insert Function dialogue box.
  • Shift + F5: Opens the Find and Replace dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Colon (:): Enter the current time.
  • Ctrl + Semicolon (;): Enter the current date.
  • Ctrl + A: Select all content in the worksheet.
  • Ctrl + B: Bold highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + I: Italicize highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + K: Open the Insert Hyperlink dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + U: Underline highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + 5: Apply strikethrough formatting.
  • Ctrl + P: Brings up the print dialog box.
  • Ctrl + Z: Undo.
  • Ctrl + F9: Minimize a workbook window to an icon.
  • Ctrl + F10: Maximize a selected workbook window.
  • Ctrl + F6: Switch to the next workbook window when multiple are open.
  • Ctrl + Page Up: Move to the previous sheet in a workbook.
  • Ctrl + Page Down: Move to next sheet in a workbook.
  • Ctrl + Tab: Switch to next tab in dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + Apostrophe (‘): Insert the value of the above cell into the cell currently selected.
  • Ctrl + Shift + !: Apply the Number format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + $: Apply the Currency format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + #: Apply the Date format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + %: Apply the Percentage format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + ^: Apply the Exponential format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + @: Apply the Time format.
  • Ctrl + Arrow Key: Move to the edge of the current data region in a worksheet.
  • Ctrl + Space: Select an entire column in a worksheet.
  • Shift + Space: Select an entire row in a worksheet.

Shortcuts for Mac

  • Command + X: Cut selected text and copy it.
  • Command + C: Copy selected text.
  • Command + V: Paste copied text.
  • Command + Z: Undo previous command.
  • Command + A: Select all items.
  • Command + F: Open Find window to search text.
  • Command + H: Hide windows of the front app.
  • Command + N: Open a new document or window.
  • Command + O: Open a selected item.
  • Command + P: Print current document.
  • Command + S: Save current document.
  • Command + W: Close front window.
  • Command + Q: Quit the app.
  • Command + M: Minimize the front window to the Dock.
  • Command + Spacebar: Open Spotlight search field.
  • Command + Tab: Switch between open apps.
  • Command + B: Bold selected text.
  • Command + I: Italicize selected text.
  • Command + U: Underline selected text.
  • Command + Semicolon (;): Find misspelled words in document.
  • Option + Command + Esc: Choose an app to force quit.
  • Shift + Command + Tilde (~): Switch between open windows.
  • Shift + Command + 3: Take a screenshot.
  • Fn + Up Arrow: Scroll up one page.
  • Fn + Down Arrow: Scroll down one page.
  • Fn + Left Arrow: Scroll to beginning of document.
  • Fn + Right Arrow: Scroll to end of document.

Finder Shortcuts

  • Shift + Command + F: Open All My Files window.
  • Shift + Command + K: Open Network window.
  • Option + Command + L: Open Downloads folder.
  • Shift + Command + O: Open documents folder.
  • Shift + Command + U: Open Utilities folder.
  • Option + Command + D: Show or hide the Dock.
  • Shift + Command + N: Create a new folder.
  • Command + Delete: Move selected item to the Trash.
  • Shift + Command + Delete: Empty Trash

Chrome Keyboard Shortcuts

Open new window.Command + NCtrl + N
Open new tab.Command + TCtrl + T
Reopen the last closed tab.Command + Shift + TCtrl + Shift + T
Move to next tab.Command + Option + Right ArrowCtrl + Tab
Move to previous tab.Command + Option + Left ArrowCtrl + Shift + Tab
Open previous page in browsing history.Command + [Alt + Left Arrow
Open next page in browsing history.Command + ]Alt + Right Arrow
Close current tab.Command + WCtrl + W
Close current window.Command + Shift + WAlt + F4
Open Bookmarks Manager.Command + Option + BCtrl + Shift + O
Open History page.Command + YCtrl + H
Open Downloads page.Command + Shift + JCtrl + J
Open Find Bar.Command + FCtrl + F
Print current page.Command + PCtrl + P
Save current page.Command + SCtrl + S
Reload current page.Command + RF5
Save current page as a bookmark.Command + DCtrl + D
Toggle full-screen mode.Command + Ctrl + FF11

How to Create a Windows Shortcut Key

  1. Open the folder or directory that contains the program you wish to create a shortcut for.
  2. Right-click on the program and click Create Shortcut.
  3. This will create a shortcut named “Shortcut to <your program>” in the directory you are in. If you wish to rename this shortcut, right-click the file and click Rename.
  4. Once the above steps have been completed, you can copy this shortcut and paste it anywhere to execute this program.

Once the shortcut has been created, you can assign a keystroke to that Windows shortcut.

  1. Right-click the shortcut and click Properties.
  2. Click the Shortcut tab.
  3. Click in the Shortcut key box and press a letter. For example, if you press “p”, the shortcut key will automatically be made to Ctrl + Alt + P. Which means that if saved, pressing Ctrl and Alt and P will run that shortcut.

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